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A concept paper on novel technologies boosting production and safeguarding health of humans and animals

Kuldeep Dhama1*, Sandip Chakraborty2, Ruchi Tiwari3, Amit Kumar Verma4, Mani Saminathan1, Amarpal5, Yashpal Singh Malik6, Zahra Nikousefat7 and Moosa Javdani7 and Rifat Ullah Khan8

1Division of Pathology; 5Division of Surgery; 6Division of Biological Standardization, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly (Uttar Pradesh); 2Animal Resources Development Department, Pt. Nehru Complex, Agartala; 3Department of Veterinary Microbiology; 4Department of Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Veterinary Sciences, Uttar Pradesh Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhayay Pashu Chikitsa Vigyan Vishwa Vidyalaya Evam Go-Anusandhan Sansthan (DUVASU), Mathura (Uttar Pradesh); 7Clinical Science Department, Veterinary Faculty, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran; 8Department of Animal Health, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan


In this review, perspective roles and applications of molecular tools and techniques boosting production potentials and protection from economically important diseases are discussed. Importance of advent in genetic engineering, designer products, disease resistant plants and animals, advanced diagnostics, networking programmes, effective and safer vaccines as well as novel and emerging therapies are highlights of the review. The production of designer foods along with progress in ‘Omics’ as well as analytical fields contributed immensely for safeguarding health of livestock. For plunging losses caused to plant and animal population from pathogens, numerous methods are being adopted by biologists for engineering resistant breeds of animals and plants during last two decades. Advancements have been made in development of innovative detection methods (including modification of polymerase chain reaction) which have contributed in clinical decision making procedures and to determine the molecular epidemiology. Several new generation vaccines viz. DNA vaccines, reverse genetics vaccines, vector based vaccines, protein or peptide-based vaccines, gene-deleted vaccines and chimeric vaccines etc. have been developed or are under developmental phase for combating a wide array of diseases. Mapping for location of herds and flocks, enrichment of knowledge of epidemiologists and diagnosticians, clinicians along with researchers has become possible with the advancement of geographical information system (GIS). In addition bacteriophage, virophage, cytokine, probiotics as well as herbal, nutritional, immunomodulation therapy and cow (panchgavya) therapy have proved to be beneficial. Among them many are cost-effective and cause only minimal adverse reactions. This review gives a brief presentation of all the important innovative technologies boosting production and safeguarding health of humans and animals.

Keywords: Technologies, biotechnology, boosting production, abiotic stress, bioenhancers, safeguarding health, diagnosis, vaccine, therapies
To cite this article: Dhama K, S Chakraborty, R Tiwari, AK Verma, M Saminathan, Amarpal, YS Malik, Z Nikousefat, M Javdani and RU Khan, 2014. A concept paper on novel technologies boosting production and safeguarding health of humans and animals. Res. Opin. Anim. Vet. Sci., 4(7): 353-370.

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