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Ensiling fruit and vegetable residues as ruminants feed
K. Karkoodi* and S. A. Ghaffari
Department of Animal Science, Saveh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Saveh, Iran

The present study was carried out to assess the ensiling possibility of fruit and vegetable residues (FVR), collected from Central Terminal of Karaj with the treatments comprised of 25, 30, 35 and 40% of DM (a mixture of fruit and vegetable and wheat straw) and each of them was mixed with 0, 2 and 4% of sugar beet molasses respectively. This study was carried out in 4×3 factorial designs, involving four levels of dry matter and three levels of molasses. The apparent evaluation showed that silages were scored from 5.3 to 16.68 (out of 20) and significant (P<0.05) differences were found among these treatments. The pH values ranged from 4.22 to 5.33 and DM content was between 25.2 and 42%, in addition, there were significant (P<0.05) differences in pH and DM. Also, some changes (P<0.05) in the content of OM, Ash, total N, ammonia N, ammonia N ratio to total N, VFA and in vitro digestibility were detected among these treatments.  We concluded that the silage contained 35% of DM and 4% of molasses was a superior treatment for ensiling of FVS.

Keywords: Fruit and vegetable residues; silage characteristics; In vitro digestibility
To cite this article: Karkoodi K and SA Ghaffari, 2012. Ensiling fruit and vegetable residues as ruminants feed. Res. Opin. Anim. Vet. Sci., 2(6), 397-101.

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