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Paleopathology of brown bears (Ursus arctos, L. 1758) from Liptovská Mara, Northern Slovakia

Aleksander Chrószcz1*, Maciej Janeczek1, Edyta Pasicka1, Zora Bielichová2, Zbigniew Zawada3 Joanna Klećkowska-Nawrot1 and Agnieszka Szarek1

1Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medcicine, Department of Biostructure and Animal Physiology, ul Kożuchowska 1/3, 51-631 Wrocław, Poland; 2Institute of Archaeology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Akademická 2, 94921 Nitra, Slovakia; 3University of Zielona Góra, Faculty of Biology, Natural Museum, ul Szafrana 1, Zielona Góra


During the archaeozoological investigations in Liptovská Mara, 13 bones belonged to brown bear skeleton were identified. The materials were analysed macroscopically in order to determine the presence of the pathological bone changes. Moreover, X-ray imagination and microscopical analysis of the dental root cross-sections were done. The age of animal was estimated to 10-15 years. The pathological changes in periodontal area (chronic periodontitis) and in the metacarpal bones (hypertrophic bone formations) were described. According to accessible literature, archaeological and archaeozoological investigations results in the above-mentioned site, the bears from Liptovská Mara were killed, because of their potential attacks on domestic animals herds.

Keywords: brown bear, Ursus arctos, paleopathology, archaeozoology, teeth
To cite this article: Chroszcz A, M Janeczek, E Pasicka, Z Miklikova, Z Zawada, J Kleckowska-Nawrot and A Szarek. 2014. Paleopathology of brown bears (Ursus arctos, L. 1758) from Liptovská Mara, Northern Slovakia. Res. Opin. Anim. Vet. Sci., 4(1), 35-39.

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